FACTOR DEMAND UNDER CONDITIONS OF PRODUCT DEMAND and SUPPLY UNCERTAINTY Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This paper develops a theory of factor demand under uncertainty that encompasses neoclassical factor demand and Keynesian effective factor demand as special cases. The model allows factor demand and output to move positively with product demand, even with a constant product price. This, in turn, permits real wages to move procyclically in response to product demand shocks. In addition, the model provides a new perspective on the "adding-up" problem (which posits that total factor payments exceed output if increasing returns to scale exist) and generates positive uncertainty profits that are similar in spirit to those of Frank Knight. Copyright 1992 by Oxford University Press.

publication date

  • July 1992