Therapeutic efficacy of an alpha-particle emitter labeled anti-GD2 humanized antibody against osteosarcoma—a proof of concept study Journal Articles uri icon

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  • PURPOSE: Current treatments for osteosarcoma (OS) have a poor prognosis, particularly for patients with metastasis and recurrence, underscoring an urgent need for new targeted therapies to improve survival. Targeted alpha-particle therapy selectively delivers cytotoxic payloads to tumors with radiolabeled molecules that recognize tumor-associated antigens. We have recently demonstrated the potential of an FDA approved, humanized anti-GD2 antibody, hu3F8, as a targeted delivery vector for radiopharmaceutical imaging of OS. The current study aims to advance this system for alpha-particle therapy of OS. METHODS: The hu3F8 antibody was radiolabeled with actinium-225, and the safety and therapeutic efficacy of the [225Ac]Ac-DOTA-hu3F8 were evaluated in both orthotopic murine xenografts of OS and spontaneously occurring OS in canines. RESULTS: Significant antitumor activity was proven in both cases, leading to improved overall survival. In the murine xenograft's case, tumor growth was delayed by 16-18 days compared to the untreated cohort as demonstrated by bioluminescence imaging. The results were further validated with magnetic resonance imaging at 33 days after treatment, and microcomputed tomography and planar microradiography post-mortem. Histological evaluations revealed radiation-induced renal toxicity, manifested as epithelial cell karyomegaly and suggestive polyploidy in the kidneys, suggesting rapid recovery of renal function after radiation damage. Treatment of the two canine patients delayed the progression of metastatic spread, with an overall survival time of 211 and 437 days and survival beyond documented metastasis of 111 and 84 days, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the potential of hu3F8-based alpha-particle therapy as a promising treatment strategy for OS.


  • Liatsou, Ioanna
  • Fu, Yingli
  • Li, Zhi
  • Hasan, Mahmud
  • Guo, Xin
  • Yu, Jing
  • Piccolo, Joseph
  • Cartee, Allison
  • Wang, Hao
  • Du, Yong
  • Bryan, Jeffrey
  • Gabrielson, Kathleen
  • Kraitchman, Dara L
  • Sgouros, George

publication date

  • April 2024