Real-world results of autologous stem cell transplantation in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: a report from the Canadian Myeloma Research Group database Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractAutologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) remains an important option for eligible multiple myeloma (MM) patients as part of initial therapy. Using the Canadian Myeloma Research Group (CMRG) national database, we examined the details and outcomes of ASCT performed as first-line therapy in eligible Canadian MM patients between 2007 to 2021. We included 3821 patients with 72% receiving CyBorD induction and 2061 patients receiving maintenance, consisting of lenalidomide +/- steroids in 78.3%. The median PFS and OS for patients given a single ASCT were 35.4 and 126 months. Those receiving a second induction regimen had significantly inferior outcomes, although when maintenance was used, results were comparable regardless of the number of induction regimens administered (median PFS 55.3 vs 51.1 months [p = 0.11]; median OS 158.6 vs not yet reached [p = 0.13]). Consolidation patients had a longer median PFS (55.3 vs 34.4 months [p = 0.001]), but no significant gain in median OS (p = 0.065). Patients who received lenalidomide-based maintenance experienced a median PFS of 53.7 months and OS of 159 months. In the multivariable analysis, use of any type of maintenance therapy vs no maintenance was associated with a lower risk of progression (HR 0.52 (95% CI 0.47-0.57)) and death (HR 0.58 (95% CI 0.51-0.67)). This real-world study demonstrates that, overall, first-line treatment sequence in transplant-eligible patients produces a median OS of ≥10 years. It also highlights the contribution of post-ASCT maintenance, particularly lenalidomide given until progression.


  • Côté, Julie
  • LeBlanc, Richard
  • Mian, Hira
  • Chu, Michael P
  • McCurdy, Arleigh
  • Masih-Khan, Esther
  • Su, Jiandong
  • Jimenez-Zepeda, Victor H
  • Song, Kevin
  • Louzada, Martha
  • White, Darrell
  • Sebag, Michael
  • Reiman, Anthony
  • Stakiw, Julie
  • Kotb, Rami
  • Bergstrom, Debra
  • Aslam, Muhammad
  • Kaedbey, Rayan
  • Venner, Christopher P
  • Gul, Engin
  • Reece, Donna

publication date

  • September 5, 2023