Short-term impact of a neighbourhood-based intervention on mental health and self-rated health in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
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The Hamilton Neighbourhoods Study aimed to measure the short-term impact of a neighbourhood-based intervention known as the City of Hamilton's Neighbourhood Action Strategy on health and neighbourhood outcomes. A quasi-experimental study with 881 intervention participants across six targeted neighbourhoods and 173 control participants was conducted to investigate changes in self-rated health and mental health from baseline to follow-up. There was evidence of small improvements in mental health in two neighbourhoods, but there was no change in self-rated health. Place-based interventions aimed at high poverty neighbourhoods may have only modest impacts on health in the short-term.
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