Association of the Hydronephrosis Severity Score With Likelihood of Pyeloplasty: A Large Prospective Database Analysis
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OBJECTIVE: To apply and reproduce this scoring system in our prenatal hydronephrosis population with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO)-like hydronephrosis (HN), specifically looking at determining better HHS cutoffs that would allow for stratification into three risk categories: spontaneous HN resolution, observation, and surgery. METHODS: A prospectively collected prenatal hydronephrosis database was reviewed to extract UPJO-like HN patients. Children with vesicoureteral reflux, primary megaureter, bilateral HN, and other associated anomalies were excluded. Only patients who had an ultrasound and mercaptoacetyltriglycine renal scan at a minimum of 2-time points were included. Hydronephrosis Severity Score was calculated at the initial, interim, and last follow-up clinic visits. Scores were analyzed regarding its usefulness to determine which patients would have been more likely to undergo pyeloplasty. RESULTS: Of 167 patients, 131 (78%) were male, 119 (71%) had left UPJO-like, and 113 (67%) had a pyeloplasty. The median age at baseline was 2months (interquartile range 1-4). According to initial (first clinic visit) Hydronephrosis Severity Score, 5/36 (14%) patients with a 0-4 score, 93/116 (80%) with a 5-8 score, and 15/15 (100%) with a 9-12 score underwent pyeloplasty, respectively (P < .01). CONCLUSION: The proposed HHS system for UPJO-like HN patients is reproducible, however, cut-off values need to be reassessed to accurately reflect true risk categories, as the purpose of this system is to differentiate those who have HN severe enough to require intervention from those who can be managed nonsurgically. Changing risk groups to mild (0-3), moderate (4-6), and severe (7-12) allowed for better discrimination between patients who underwent surgical intervention from those who did not in our dataset.
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