Impact of bortezomib‐based versus lenalidomide maintenance therapy on outcomes of patients with high‐risk multiple myeloma Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractBackgroundLenalidomide maintenance after autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) in multiple myeloma (MM) results in superior progression‐free survival and overall survival. However, patients with high‐risk multiple myeloma (HRMM) do not derive the same survival benefit from lenalidomide maintenance compared with standard‐risk patients. The authors sought to determine the outcomes of bortezomib‐based maintenance compared with lenalidomide maintenance in patients with HRMM undergoing ASCT.MethodsIn total, the authors identified 503 patients with HRMM who were undergoing ASCT within 12 months of diagnosis from January 2013 to December 2018 after receiving triplet novel‐agent induction in the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database. HRMM was defined as deletion 17p, t(14;16), t(4;14), t(14;20), or chromosome 1q gain.ResultsThree hundred fifty‐seven patients (67%) received lenalidomide alone, and 146 (33%) received bortezomib‐based maintenance (with bortezomib alone in 58%). Patients in the bortezomib‐based maintenance group were more likely to harbor two or more high‐risk abnormalities and International Staging System stage III disease (30% vs. 22%; p = .01) compared with the lenalidomide group (24% vs. 15%; p < .01). Patients who were receiving lenalidomide maintenance had superior progression‐free survival at 2 years compared with those who were receiving either bortezomib monotherapy or combination therapy (75% vs. 63%; p = .009). Overall survival at 2 years was also superior in the lenalidomide group (93% vs. 84%; p = .001).ConclusionsNo superior outcomes were observed in patients with HRMM who received bortezomib monotherapy or (to a lesser extent) in those who received bortezomib in combination as maintenance compared with lenalidomide alone. Until prospective data from randomized clinical trials are available, post‐transplant therapy should be tailored to each patient with consideration for treating patients in clinical trials that target novel therapeutic strategies for HRMM, and lenalidomide should remain a cornerstone of treatment.


  • Bumma, Naresh
  • Dhakal, Binod
  • Fraser, Raphael
  • Estrada‐Merly, Noel
  • Anderson, Kenneth
  • Freytes, César O
  • Hildebrandt, Gerhard C
  • Holmberg, Leona
  • Krem, Maxwell M
  • Lee, Cindy
  • Lekakis, Lazaros
  • Lazarus, Hillard M
  • Mian, Hira
  • Murthy, Hemant S
  • Nathan, Sunita
  • Nishihori, Taiga
  • Parrondo, Ricardo
  • Patel, Sagar S
  • Solh, Melhem
  • Strouse, Christopher
  • Vesole, David H
  • Kumar, Shaji
  • Qazilbash, Muzaffar H
  • Shah, Nina
  • D’Souza, Anita
  • Sidana, Surbhi

publication date

  • July 15, 2023

published in