Cardiac Rehabilitation for Visceral Obesity: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
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World Health Organization data indicates a marked rise in global obesity, with approximately 30% of the world's population classified as overweight or obese. The contributory factors include unhealthy dietary habits, lack of physical activity, urbanization, and technology dependent sedentary lifestyle. Among the various management approaches, cardiac rehabilitation has evolved from an exercise-only programme for patients with cardiac diseases to a multi-disciplinary individualised intervention plan for risk factor modification, primary and secondary prevention of cardiometabolic diseases. Evidence suggests that visceral obesity is an independent risk factor of morbidity and mortality from cardiometabolic causes. There are multiple training programmes targeting visceral fat oxidation, one of which is high intensity interval training. It appears to be a promising regime, inducing metabolic adaptations in the body. This review summarizes the multidisciplinary cardiac rehabilitation services for the management of visceral adiposity and generalised obesity, its under-utilization and scarcity of local published data, highlighting the need for future research.
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