Machine Learning Method Based on Symbiotic Organism Search Algorithm for Thermal Load Prediction in Buildings Journal Articles uri icon

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  • This research investigates the efficacy of a proposed novel machine learning tool for the optimal simulation of building thermal load. By applying a symbiotic organism search (SOS) metaheuristic algorithm to a well-known model, namely an artificial neural network (ANN), a sophisticated optimizable methodology is developed for estimating heating load (HL) in residential buildings. Moreover, the SOS is comparatively assessed with several identical optimizers, namely political optimizer, heap-based optimizer, Henry gas solubility optimization, atom search optimization, stochastic fractal search, and cuttlefish optimization algorithm. The dataset used for this study lists the HL versus the corresponding building conditions and the model tries to disclose the nonlinear relationship between them. For each mode, an extensive trial and error effort revealed the most suitable configuration. Examining the accuracy of prediction showed that the SOS–ANN hybrid is a strong predictor as its results are in great harmony with expectations. Moreover, to verify the results of the SOS–ANN, it was compared with several benchmark models employed in this study, as well as in the earlier literature. This comparison revealed the superior accuracy of the suggested model. Hence, utilizing the SOS–ANN is highly recommended to energy-building experts for attaining an early estimation of the HL from a designed building’s characteristics.


  • Nejati, Fatemeh
  • Zoy, Wahidullah Omer
  • Tahoori, Nayer
  • Abdunabi Xalikovich, Pardayev
  • Sharifian, Mohammad Amin
  • Nehdi, Moncef

publication date

  • March 1, 2023