Structural, Surface and Optical Studies of m- and c-Face AlN Crystals Grown by Physical Vapor Transport Method Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Bulk aluminum nitride (AlN) crystals with different polarities were grown by physical vapor transport (PVT). The structural, surface, and optical properties of m-plane and c-plane AlN crystals were comparatively studied by using high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy. Temperature-dependent Raman measurements showed that the Raman shift and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the E2 (high) phonon mode of the m-plane AlN crystal were larger than those of the c-plane AlN crystal, which would be correlated with the residual stress and defects in the AlN samples, respectively. Moreover, the phonon lifetime of the Raman-active modes largely decayed and its line width gradually broadened with the increase in temperature. The phonon lifetime of the Raman TO-phonon mode was changed less than that of the LO-phonon mode with temperature in the two crystals. It should be noted that the influence of inhomogeneous impurity phonon scattering on the phonon lifetime and the contribution to the Raman shift came from thermal expansion at a higher temperature. In addition, the trend of stress with increasing 1000/temperature was similar for the two AlN samples. As the temperature increased from 80 K to ~870 K, there was a temperature at which the biaxial stress of the samples transformed from compressive to tensile stress, while their certain temperature was different.


  • Zhang, Shuping
  • Yang, Hong
  • Wang, Lianshan
  • Cheng, Hongjuan
  • Lu, Haixia
  • Yang, Yanlian
  • Wan, Lingyu
  • Xu, Gu
  • Feng, Zhe Chuan
  • Klein, Benjamin
  • Ferguson, Ian T
  • Sun, Wenhong

publication date

  • February 25, 2023