A real-world comparison of multi-modality therapies in locally advanced gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) cancers. Journal Articles uri icon

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  • 96 Background: Trials show that addition of systemic therapy and/or radiation to surgery improves survival in GEJ cancers. However, the different regimens have not been directly compared. We examined population-based outcomes of 3 treatments: 1) neoadjuvant carboplatin and paclitaxel plus radiation (CROSS); 2) perioperative epirubicin, cisplatin, and fluoropyrimidine (MAGIC); and 3) cisplatin and fluoropyrimidine with radiation (CisFP). Methods: We reviewed patients diagnosed with GEJ cancer from 2005 to 2015 who received CROSS, MAGIC, or CisFP at 2 tertiary, 4 regional, and 11 community cancer centers in Alberta, Canada. Survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curves and compared with the log-rank test. A Cox proportional hazards model was constructed to evaluate the impact of treatment on overall survival (OS). Results: 331 patients were identified. Median age was 63 (IQR 56-69) years and 86% were men. CROSS was used in 217 (65%) cases followed by CisFP in 72 (22%) and MAGIC in 42 (13%). Age, sex, and stage were not associated with treatment selection (all p > 0.05), but a higher proportion of CROSS and CisFP patients had adenocarcinoma (86% and 85%, respectively) compared to MAGIC patients (41%) ( p < 0.01). CROSS and MAGIC correlated with higher surgical resection rates when compared to CisFP (82% vs. 79% vs. 50%, respectively, p < 0.01). Median OS favored CROSS and MAGIC rather than CisFP, but this was not statistically significant (29 vs. 34 vs. 20 months, respectively, p= 0.17). Adjusting for confounders, OS remained similar for MAGIC (HR 0.8, 95%CI 0.5-1.3, p= 0.36) and CisFP (HR 0.7, 95%CI 0.5-1.1, p= 0.10) when compared to CROSS. In addition, age > 65, advanced stage, and lack of surgical resection were associated with increased risk of death (HR 1.5, 95%CI 1.1-2.0, p= 0.02, HR 2.2, 95%CI 1.2-3.9, p< 0.01 and HR 4.1, 95%CI 2.8-5.9, p< 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: OS was similar across all 3 regimens, but outcomes were inferior to those seen in original trials. This observation suggests that GEJ patients in routine practice are different from study participants or that treatment selection may be driven by factors other than trial eligibility criteria.


  • Samawi, Haider
  • Tilley, Derek
  • Tang, Patricia A
  • Spratlin, Jennifer L
  • Lee-Ying, Richard M
  • Cheung, Winson Y

publication date

  • February 1, 2018