Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after sorafenib (S) over the last 10 years. Journal Articles uri icon

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  • 438 Background: Until recently there were no standard treatments for HCC patients after S. This study characterizes subsequent treatments (STx) received by HCC patients over the past 10 years and assesses their impact on survival. Methods: HCC patients treated with S between 01/2008 – 06/2017 in British Columbia, Alberta, and two cancer centers in Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Princess Margaret and Sunnybrook Cancer Centre) were included. Clinical, pathologic, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were collected. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess overall survival (OS) based on STx, and stratified according to a better prognostic group (BPG), defined as ECOG 0-1 and CP-A, and worse prognostic group (WPG), defined as ECOG≥2 or CP-B/C. Results: A total of 730 patients were identified. 177 (24.2%) received STx (table). Patients who received STx had longer median OS (mOS) than those who had no further treatment (12.1 vs. 3.3 months; p < 0.001). For patients treated with localized, systemic, or palliative radiation treatment, mOS was 16.8, 10.5 and 8.6 months, respectively (p < 0.001). After S, there were 206 (30.7%) patients in the BPG and 464 (69.3%) in the WPG. BPG patients were more likely to receive STx compared to WPG patients (60.5% vs. 39.5%, p < 0.001). BPG patients who received STx had better mOS than those who did not (15.9 vs. 7.0 months; p < 0.001). WPG patients also had better mOS if they received STx compared to those who did not (6.0 vs. 2.6 months; p < 0.001). Conclusions: Only a small proportion of HCC patients received subsequent treatment after sorafenib. This is likely due to poor performance status, liver dysfunction, or lack of treatment options. Patients who received subsequent treatment had improved mOS, regardless of whether they were in the better or worse prognostic group. [Table: see text]


  • Fung, Andrea S
  • Lee-Ying, Richard M
  • Meyers, Daniel E
  • Sim, Hao-Wen
  • Knox, Jennifer J
  • Zaborska, Valeriya O
  • Davies, Janine Marie
  • Ko, Yoo-Joung
  • Batuyong, Eugene
  • Cheung, Winson Y
  • Samawi, Haider
  • Tam, Vincent C

publication date

  • February 1, 2019