Decision-making factors for an autologous stem cell transplant for older adults with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: A qualitative analysis Academic Article uri icon

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  • PurposeA utologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) remains a standard of care among older adults (aged ≥65) with multiple myeloma (MM). However, heterogeneity in the eligibility and utilization of ASCT remains. We identified decision-making factors that influence ASCT eligibility and utilization among older adults with MM.MethodsA qualitative study across two academic and two community centres in Ontario was conducted between July 2019-July 2020. Older adults with MM (newly diagnosed MM aged 65-75 in whom a decision had been made about ASCT in <12 months) and treating oncologists completed a baseline survey and a subsequent interview, which was analyzed using thematic analysis.ResultsEighteen patients completed the survey and 9 follow-up interviews were conducted. Patients were happy with their treatment decision with “trust in their oncologist” and “wanting the best treatment” as the most important to proceed with ASCT. “Afraid of side effects” was the most common reason for declining ASCT. Fifteen oncologists completed the survey and 10 follow-up interviews were conducted. Most relied on the ‘eye-ball’ test for ASCT eligibility over geriatric screening tools. The lack of both high-quality evidence and local guidelines impacted decision-making. Both oncologists and patients felt that chronological age alone should not affect ASCT eligibility.ConclusionWhile decision-making factors regarding ASCT can be variable, both oncologists and patients indicated that chronological age alone should not represent a barrier for ASCT among older adults. Future simplification and incorporation of ASCT eligibility geriatric assessment tools in studies as well as the inclusion of these tools in local guidelines may further improve ASCT decision-making.


  • Mian, Owais
  • Puts, Martine
  • McCurdy, Arleigh
  • Wildes, Tanya M
  • Fiala, Mark A
  • Kang, Matthew
  • Salib, Mary
  • Alibhai, Shabbir
  • Mian, Hira

publication date

  • January 2022