En Face OCT in Diagnosis of Persistent Subretinal Fluid and Outer Retinal Folds after Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Repair
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of en face OCT as a diagnostic tool for the detection of persistent subretinal fluid (PSRF) and outer retinal folds (ORFs) after successful rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. DESIGN: Observational post hoc analysis of 2 prospective surgical trials. PARTICIPANTS: All patients with gradable (signal strength ≥ 5 and no segmentation error) 6 × 6-mm2 macular cube scans obtained using spectral-domain OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec) between 1 and 2 months after surgery were included in this study. METHODS: The scans were assessed for the presence or absence of PSRF or ORFs using en face OCT and cross-sectional B scans by 2 masked graders, with any disagreements adjudicated by a third senior masked grader. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive accuracy (using area under the curve [AUC]) of en face OCT were compared with those of cross-sectional OCT, which is considered the gold standard. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-three patients were included in this study. The Cohen kappa between the graders in the diagnosis of PSRF and ORFs using en face OCT was 0.84 and 0.86, respectively. The sensitivity of en face OCT was 100% (95% confidence interval [CI], 100%-100%) in the diagnosis of PSRF and 98.8% (95% CI, 96.5%-101.1%) in the diagnosis of ORFs. Similarly, the specificity of en face OCT was 98.7% (95% CI, 96.8%-100.5%) and 84.2% (95% CI, 78.1%-90.2%) in the diagnosis of PSRF and ORFs, respectively. The AUC was 0.99 for PSRF and 0.91 for ORFs. CONCLUSIONS: En face OCT has good sensitivity, specificity, and predictive accuracy (using AUC) in the diagnosis of PSRF and ORFs. En face OCT is an efficient screening tool for postoperative anatomic abnormalities, such as PSRF and ORFs, after RRD repair. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.
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