The impact of category, cytopathology and cytogenetics on development and progression of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation in inherited bone marrow failure syndromes Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes are a group of rare, heterogeneous genetic disorders with a risk of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation including clonal marrow cytogenetic abnormalities, myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. The clinical characteristics, risk classification, prognostic factors and outcome of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation associated with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes are largely unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the impact of category, cytopathology and cytogenetics, the three components of the "Category Cytology Cytogenetics" classification of pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome, on the outcome of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation associated with inherited bone marrow failure. We used data from the Canadian Inherited Marrow Failure Registry. Among 327 patients with inherited bone marrow failure syndrome enrolled in the registry, the estimated risk of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation by the age of 18 years was 37%. The risk of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation varied according to the type of inherited bone marrow failure syndrome but was highest in Fanconi anemia. The development of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation significantly affected overall survival. Mortality varied based on cytopathological group. The largest group of patients had refractory cytopenia. Clonal marrow cytogenetic abnormalities were identified in 87% of patients with clonal and malignant myeloid transformation, and different cytogenetic groups had different impacts on disease progression. We conclude that category, cytopathology and cytogenetics in cases of clonal and malignant myeloid transformation associated with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes have an important impact on outcome and that the classification of such cases should incorporate these factors.

authors

  • Cada, M
  • Segbefia, CI
  • Klaassen, R
  • Fernandez, CV
  • Yanofsky, RA
  • Wu, J
  • Pastore, Y
  • Silva, M
  • Lipton, JH
  • Brossard, J
  • Michon, B
  • Abish, S
  • Steele, M
  • Sinha, R
  • Belletrutti, M
  • Breakey, Vicky
  • Jardine, L
  • Goodyear, L
  • Sung, L
  • Shago, M
  • Beyene, Joseph
  • Sharma, P
  • Zlateska, B
  • Dror, Y

publication date

  • May 1, 2015

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