Effect of a teleost GnRH analog on steroidogenesis by the follicle-enclosed goldfish oocytes, in vitro
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The influence of an agonist analog of teleost GnRH [(D-Arg6, Trp7, Leu8, Pro9-NEt)-GnRH; tGnRH-A] on steroidogenesis was studied in prophase-I arrested, follicle-enclosed, goldfish oocytes in vitro. Incubation of the follicles with carp gonadotropin (GtH) significantly increased production of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (HP) and testosterone following 24 hr of incubation in vitro. Concomitant incubation with tGnRH-A (10(-7) M) significantly attenuated the dose-related increase in GtH-induced testosterone production, but was without effect on the GtH-induced HP level. Time course studies indicated that tGnRH-A exerted its maximum inhibitory action on the GtH-induced testosterone production during the initial 8 hr of incubation in vitro. The inhibition of GtH-induced testosterone production by tGnRH-A was dose dependent with an ED50 of 1.39 +/- 2.88 nM. A significantly higher testosterone level was obtained in the incubation media containing HP as substrate; concomitant treatment with tGnRH-A reduced the conversion of HP to testosterone. The incubation media also contained low, but measurable levels of 17 alpha-hydroxy-20 beta-dihydroprogesterone (DHP), which increased in the presence of 3-isobutyl-methyl-xanthine; lower levels of DHP were obtained in the groups incubated with tGnRH-A. In view of our present findings and previous observations concerning inhibitory effects of tGnRH-A on the progestogen and GtH-induced reinitiation of meiosis in the follicle-enclosed goldfish oocytes (H. R. Habibi, G. Van Der Kraak, E. Bulanski, and R. E. Peter, Amer. J. Physiol. 255, R268-R273 (1988] the influence of testosterone on the GtH- and DHP-induced meiosis in vitro was also studied. Testosterone (1 micrograms/ml) enhanced both GtH- and DHP-induced oocyte meiosis in the goldfish oocytes. Testosterone alone was also found to significantly increase oocyte meiosis in the goldfish oocytes in a dose-related fashion. The present findings demonstrate an inhibitory effect of a GnRH agonist on GtH-induced testosterone production in goldfish oocytes and suggest that tGnRH-A might influence oocyte meiosis in part by influencing steroidogenesis.
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