Expanded Newborn Screening of Inborn Errors of Metabolism by Capillary Electrophoresis-Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS)
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Expanded newborn screening of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) based on tandem mass spectrometry technology has emerged as one of the most successful preventative healthcare initiatives for presymptomatic diagnosis and treatment of rare yet treatable genetic diseases. However, confirmatory testing using methods with improved specificity is required in clinical laboratories to improve the positive predictive value for certain classes of IEMs due to their high rates of false positives. Here, we describe recent advances for comprehensive profiling of amino acids and acylcarnitines derived from dried blood spot extracts or plasma using capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS) that allows for resolution of major isobaric/isomeric interferences without complicated sample handling. The integration of online sample preconcentration together with desalting in CE-ESI-MS enables the direct analysis of hydrophilic amino acids, surface-active acylcarnitines, as well as labile thiols under a single format when using a simple aqueous buffer electrolyte system.
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