Diastolic Carotid Artery Longitudinal Wall Motion Is Sensitive to Both Aging and Coronary Artery Disease Status Independent of Arterial Stiffness
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We investigated the ability of systolic and diastolic carotid artery longitudinal wall motion (CALM) to delineate expected differences in arterial health in individuals representing a range of both age and health status. We recruited 161 younger healthy adults (aged 24 ± 5 y), 51 older healthy adults (aged 70 ± 5 y) and 14 adults with coronary artery disease (aged 67 ± 8 y) for resting assessment of CALM and arterial stiffness. All CALM parameters were reduced in the old healthy adults and adults with coronary artery disease compared with the young healthy adults (p < 0.01), with diastolic velocity and maximum diastolic acceleration being further reduced in the adults with coronary artery disease than in the older healthy adults (p < 0.01). Diastolic CALM parameters were more strongly related to age (β range: -0.46 to -0.53) than systolic CALM parameters (β range: -0.24 to -0.44). In contrast to previous examinations of a variety of CALM parameters, diastolic CALM may provide superior promise in terms of characterizing arterial wall properties, with additional sensitivity to cardiovascular disease status.
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