Synthesis, Characterisation, and Biodistribution of Radioiodinated C-Hydroxy-Carboranes Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The synthesis, radiolabelling and biodistribution of iodinated C-hydroxy-nido-carborane ligands is described. Microwave heating by using NaF in aqueous ethanol was used to prepare {sodium [7-hydroxy-7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborate], nido-carboranol} and {sodium [7-hydroxy-7,8-dicarba-nido-undecaborate-8-carboxylic acid], nido-salborin} in 97 and 90 % yield, respectively. Radioiodination of these nido-carboranes was completed by using both (125)I and (123)I, and the products were obtained in high radiochemical purity (>99 %) and yield (72 to 87 %). The structures of the radiolabelled products were validated through comparison to authentic standards. Biodistribution studies in BALB/c mice showed low accumulation of the labelled compounds in the liver and intestines, which are sites where labelled carboranes typically localise. The labelled cluster bearing hydroxy and carboxylic acid groups on the two carbon vertices demonstrated preferential clearance through the kidneys and low thyroid uptake. This compound had substantially reduced non-specific binding than the deshydroxy analogue making it an attractive bifunctional ligand for preparing targeted molecular imaging and therapy agents.

publication date

  • August 27, 2012