Predicting Crack Width in CFRP-Strengthened RC One-Way Slabs Using Hybrid Grey Wolf Optimizer Neural Network Model Journal Articles uri icon

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  • This study deploys a hybrid Grey Wolf Optimizer Neural Network Model for predicting the crack width in reinforced concrete slabs strengthened with carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRP). Reinforced concrete (RC) one-way slabs (1800 × 400 × 120 mm in size) were strengthened with CFRP with various lengths (1800, 1100, and 700 mm) and subjected to four-point bending. The experimental results were compared to corresponding values for conventional RC slabs. The observed crack width results were recorded, and subsequently examined against the expression recommended by Eurocode 2. To estimate the crack width of CFRP-reinforced slabs, ANN combined with the Grey Wolf Optimizer algorithm was employed whereby the applied load, CFRP width/length, X/Y crack positions, and stress in steel reinforcement and concrete were defined as the input parameters. Experimental results showed that the larger the length and width of the carbon fiber, the smaller the maximum crack width in the tensile area of the slab at the final load step. On average, the crack width in slabs retrofitted with CFRP laminates increased by around 80% compared to a slab without CFRP. The results confirm that the equation provided by Eurocode 2 provides an unconservative estimation of crack widths for RC slabs strengthened with CFRP laminates. On the other hand, the results also confirm that the proposed informational model could be used as a reliable tool for estimating the crack width in RC slabs. The findings provide valuable insight into the design approaches for RC slabs and rehabilitation strategies for existing deficient RC slabs using CFRP.


  • Razavi Tosee, Seyed
  • Faridmehr, Iman
  • Nehdi, Moncef
  • Plevris, Vagelis
  • Valerievich, Kiyanets

publication date

  • November 1, 2022