Applications and evaluation of IGAIM 13C and 1H chemical shift calculations for unsaturated hydrocarbons and organolithium compounds Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Wave functions obtained at the RHF/6-31+G(d) level of theory were used with the new method IGAIM (individual gauges for atoms in molecules) developed by Keith and Bader to calculate the isotropic 13C and 1H NMR chemical shifts of a group of neutral molecules (bicyclo[3.2.1]octa-2,6-diene (1), bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-ene (2), bicyclo[2.2.1]hepta-2,5-diene (3), benzene (4)), carbanions (prop-2-en-1-yl (allyl) (5), bicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-dien-2-yl (8)), and lithium complexes (prop-2-en-1-yllithium (6) and its dimer 7, bicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-dien-2-yllithium (9)). The theoretical isotropic 13C NMR chemical shifts of the neutral molecules, relative to the calculated value for TMS(tetramethylsilane), are in excellent agreement with the experimental values, with differences between the sets of data ranging from +4.9 to −7.1 ppm. For the same group of compounds the theoretical 1H shifts are lower than the experimental values by increments ranging between 0.4 and 1.29 ppm. For allyllithium, which exists as an unsymmetrical fluxional dimer, the theoretical averaged 13C shifts are larger, 2.6 ppm for the terminal carbons and 16.7 ppm for the central carbon, than the experimental values. In the case of 8, originally considered to be a bishomoaromatic species, the theoretical 13C chemical shifts of its Li+ complex 9 differ from the experimental ones for THF-solvated 9 by values that range from +6.2 to −15.0 ppm. Yet, the relative theoretical chemical shifts — of special importance is the fact that the carbons of the vinylene bridge of this compound are unusually shielded relative to the parent diene 1 — correlate with the experimental data. The 1H chemical shifts calculated for the hydrocarbons 1, 2, 3, 4 and the lithium complexes 7 and 9 range from 0.08 to 1.38 ppm less than the experimental values. To gain information on whether variations in charge density play a significant role in determining the magnitudes of the chemical shifts, we used AIMPAC calculations to obtain the atom electron populations of diene 1, 5, 6, dimer 7, 8, and 9. We find no obvious correlation between the charges on the carbon atoms and the 13shifts for this set of compounds. Key words: IGAIM, calculations, 13C and 1H chemical shifts, unsaturated hydrocarbons, organolithium compounds.

publication date

  • June 1, 1996