Investigation of the potential involvement of eicosanoid metabolites in anti-diuretic hormone signaling in Rhodnius prolixus
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The use of naturally occurring plant-derived compounds for controlling insect pests remains an attractive alternative to potentially dangerous synthetic chemical compounds. One prospective plant-based compound, isoforms of the so-called jack bean urease (JBU) from the jack bean, Canavalia ensiformis, as well a derived peptide, Jaburetox-2Ec, have insecticidal effects on an array of insect species. In the Chagas' disease vector, Rhodnius prolixus, some of the physiological effects attributed to these urease isoforms include inhibition of serotonin (5-HT)-stimulated fluid secretion by the Malpighian tubules (MTs). Here, we investigated whether the effects of these exogenous urease isoforms were targeting the neuroendocrine network involved in the anti-diuretic hormone (RhoprCAPA-2) signaling cascade. We show that pharmacological agents known to interfere with eicosanoid metabolite biosynthesis do not affect RhoprCAPA-2 inhibition of 5-HT-stimulated fluid secretion by MTs. In addition, we demonstrate that RhoprCAPA-2 inhibition of MTs is independent of extracellular or intracellular calcium. Using a heterologous system for analysis of receptor activation, we show that neither JBU nor Jaburetox-2Ec are agonists of the anti-diuretic hormone receptor, RhoprCAPAr1. Finally, activation of the receptor using sub-maximal doses of the natural ligand, RhoprCAPA-2, was not influenced by the presence of either JBU or Jaburetox-2Ec indicating that the urease isoforms do not compete with RhoprCAPA-2 for binding and activation of RhoprCAPAr1. Taken together, these results suggest that at least two distinct mechanisms leading to inhibition of fluid secretion by MTs exist in R. prolixus and, unlike the urease-related effects, the eicosanoid metabolite pathway is not involved in RhoprCAPA-2 mediated anti-diuresis.
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