Genic variation in abundant soluble proteins of Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila pseudoobscura.
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Genic variation was surveyed for 20 proteins of Drosophila melanogaster and 18 proteins of D. pseudoobscura. Analysis was by extraction and one-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions, followed by staining with Coomassie Brilliant Blue to detect soluble proteins present in relatively large amounts ("abundant soluble proteins"). D. melanogaster was polymorphic for 65% of its protein loci and an individual was heterozygous for 10% of its loci. The respective figures for D pseudoobscura were 61% and 11%. These estimates of genic variation fall between previously published estimates obtained for these species by one-dimensional electrophoresis of soluble enzymes and those obtained by two-dimensional electrophoresis of solubilized abundant proteins. However, variation for both species could be strongly partitioned between loci, on the basis of tissue and stage expression of the proteins. The results are discussed with respect to their bearing on the possibility that abundant proteins constitute a distinct class of proteins less polymorphic than soluble enzymes.
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