Local and Average Structures and Magnetic Properties of Sr2FeMnO5+y,y= 0.0, 0.5. Comparisons with Ca2FeMnO5and the Effect of the A-Site Cation
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Sr(2)FeMnO(5+y) was synthesized under two different conditions, in air and in argon, both of which resulted in a cubic, Pm ̅3m, structure with no long-range ordering of oxygen vacancies. The unit cell constants were found to be a(0) = 3.89328(1) Å for argon (y = 0.0) and a(0) = 3.83075(3) Å for air (y = 0.5). In contrast, Ca(2)FeMnO(5) retains long-range brownmillerite oxygen vacancy ordering for either air or argon synthesis. Remarkably, Sr(2)FeMnO(5.0) oxidizes spontaneously in air at room temperature. A neutron pair distribution function (NPDF) study of Sr(2)FeMnO(5.0)(Ar) showed evidence for local, brownmillerite-like ordering of oxygen vacancies for short distances up to 5 Å. Mössbauer spectroscopy results indicate more than one Fe site for Sr(2)FeMnO(5+y)(Ar and air), consistent with the noncubic local structure found by NPDF analysis. The isomer shifts and quadrupole splittings in both air- and argon-synthesized materials are consistent with the 3+ oxidation state for Fe in sites with coordination number four or five. This is confirmed by an L-edge XANES study. Mn is almost entirely in the 3+ state for Sr(2)FeMnO(5.0)(Ar), whereas Mn(4+) is predominantly present for Sr(2)FeMnO(5.5)(air). Magnetic susceptibility data show zero-field-cooled/field-cooled (ZFC/FC) divergences near 50 K for the Ar sample and 25 K for the air sample, whereas Ca(2)FeMnO(5) is long-range G-type antiferromagnetically ordered at 407(2) K. Hyperfine magnetic splitting, observed in temperature-dependent Mössbauer measurements, indicates short-range magnetic correlations that persist up to 150 K for Sr(2)FeMnO(5.0)(Ar) and 100 K for Sr(2)FeMnO(5.5)(air), well above the ZFC/FC divergence temperatures. Neutron diffraction data confirm the absence of long-range magnetic ordering at room temperature and 4 K for Sr(2)FeMnO(5.0)(Ar) but indicate the presence of domains with short-range G-type order at 4 K with an average dimension of ∼50 Å (y = 0); thus, this material is actually a superparamagnet rather than a true spin glass. In sharp contrast, corresponding data for Sr(2)FeMnO(5.5)(air) show mainly a very weak magnetic Bragg peak, indicating that ∼4% of the sample has G-type antiferromagnetic ordering at 4 K.
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