BackgroundDetermining the required daily number of platelet units in hospitals is a challenging task due to the high uncertainty in daily usage and short shelf life of platelets.
Study design and methodsWe developed a linear prediction model to guide the daily ordering quantity of platelet units at a hospital that orders the required units from a central supplier. The predictive model relies on historical demand data and other information from the hospital's information system. The ordering strategy is to place an order at the end of each day to bring the platelet inventory to the predicted demand for the next day. Unlike typical prediction models, the quality of the predictions is measured with respect to the resulting inventory costs of wastage and shortage. We used data from two hospitals in Hamilton, Ontario from 2015 to 2016 to train our model and evaluated its performance based on the resulting wastage and shortage rates in 2017.
ResultsIn 2017, respectively 1915 and 4305 platelet units were transfused at the two hospitals, with daily average (SD) usage of 5.2 (3.7) and 11.8 (4.4). The expiry (estimated shortage) rates were 8.67% (13.86%), and 2.28% (8.48%) at the two hospitals, respectively. Our baseline model would have reduced the expiry (shortage) rates to 2.54% (4.01%) and 0.05% (0.44%) for the two hospitals, respectively.
DiscussionGuiding daily ordering decisions for platelets using our proposed model could lead to a significant reduction of wastage and shortage rates at hospitals.