Identification of MRI features associated with injury type, severity, and prognosis in drug-induced liver injury Journal Articles uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVES: To identify magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features associated with injury type, severity, and liver transplantation (LT)/liver-related death (LRD) in drug-induced liver injury (DILI). METHODS: The eligible DILI patients (2016 to 2020) who underwent contrast abdominal MRI within 3 months of onset were retrospectively analysed at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University. The MRI features independently associated with severity and prognosis were identified by backwards logistic regression. Unadjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are given. RESULTS: The median age of 180 patients was 55.5 years, with 126 (70.0%) women. The injury types included hepatocellular (135 cases, 75.0%), mixed (23, 12.8%), and cholestatic (22, 12.2%). The proportion of periportal oedema in patients with hepatocellular and mixed injury was significantly higher than that in cholestatic injury (62.2%, 47.8% vs. 18.2%, p < 0.001). For severity, 157 (87.2%) patients had mild to moderate injury, and 23 (12.8%) had severe to fatal/LT. Irregularity of the liver surface (6.56 (95% CI, 1.27-22.84)), transient hepatic attenuation difference (THAD) (3.27 (95% CI, 1.14-9.36)), and splenomegaly (5.86 (95% CI, 1.96-17.53)) were independently associated with severity. Eight (4.4%) patients died/underwent LT. THAD (8.89 (95% CI, 1.35-58.43)), and ascites (64.63 (95% CI, 6.93-602.40)) were independently associated with LT/LRD. The prediction of the new model employing THAD and ascites for LT/LRD within 1 year was 0.959 (95% CI, 0.917-1.000). CONCLUSIONS: Periportal oedema was associated with the type of injury. Irregularity of the liver surface, THAD, and splenomegaly were associated with severity. THAD and ascites may have potential clinical utility in predicting LT/LRD outcomes within 1 year. KEY POINTS: • Contrast abdominal magnetic resonance imaging features can help clinicians evaluate the type of injury, severity, and poor prognosis of drug-induced liver injury. • Transient hepatic attenuation difference and ascites have potential clinical utility in the prediction of the poor prognosis of liver transplantation/liver-related death. • The new model predicting poor prognosis has a relatively high sensitivity of 0.875 and a high specificity of 0.919.


  • Wu, Ting
  • Yang, Dawei
  • Wee, Aileen
  • Wang, Yan
  • Li, Min
  • Liu, Jimin (Nancy)
  • Liu, Liwei
  • Wang, Xiaopei
  • Li, Kexin
  • Yang, Zhenghan
  • Jia, Jidong
  • Zhao, Xinyan
  • Ma, Hong

publication date

  • January 2023