Epidemiology of post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation in very preterm infants
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OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, trends, management's variability and short-term outcomes of preterm infants with severe post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (sPHVD). METHODS: We reviewed infants <33 weeks' gestation who had PHVD and were admitted to the Canadian Neonatal Network between 2010 and 2018. We compared perinatal characteristics and short-term outcomes between those with sPHVD and those with mild/moderate PHVD and those with and without ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. RESULTS: Of 29,417 infants, 2439 (8%) had PHVD; rate increased from 7.3% in 2010 to 9.6% in 2018 (P = 0.005). Among infants with PHVD, sPHVD (19%) and VP shunt (29%) rates varied significantly across Canadian centers and between geographic regions (P < 0.01 and P = 0.0002). On multivariable analysis, sPHVD was associated with greater mortality, seizures and meningitis compared to mild/moderate PHVD. CONCLUSIONS: Significant variability in sPHVD and VP shunt rates exists between centers and regions in Canada. sPHVD was associated with increased mortality and morbidities.
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