Simple Method of Including Density Variation in Quantitative Continuum Phase-Change Models
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We present a simple, quantitative, and thermodynamically self-consistent method of capturing density and pressure variation in continuum phase-change models. The formalism shows how the local state of homogenous dilation may be entirely given by species concentration in an Eulerian formulation. A hyperelastic contribution to the thermodynamic potential generalizes the lattice constraint while permitting composition, temperature, and phase-dependent specific volumes. We compare the results of models implementing this paradigm to those with the lattice constraint by examining the composition and size-dependent equilibrium of a Ni-Cu nanoparticle in its melt and free dendritic growth.
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