N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor-independent long-term depression and depotentiation in the sensorimotor cortex of the freely moving rat Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Bidirectional modifications in synaptic efficacy are central components in recent models of cortical learning and memory, and we previously demonstrated both long-term synaptic potentiation (LTP) and long-term synaptic depression (LTD) in the neocortex of the unanaesthetized adult rat. Here, we have examined the effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) blockade on the induction of LTD, LTP, and depotentiation of field potentials evoked in sensorimotor cortex by stimulation of the white matter in the adult, freely moving rat. High frequency (300 Hz) stimulation (HFS) was used to induce LTP and prolonged, low-frequency (1 Hz) stimulation was used to induce either depotentiation or LTD. LTD was expressed as a reduction in the amplitude of the short and long-latency field potential components, while depotentiation was expressed as a decrease in the amplitude of a previously enhanced late component. Under NMDAR blockade, HFS failed to induce LTP and instead produced a depression effect similar to LTD. Following washout of the drug, HFS induced a normal LTP effect. Unlike LTP, LTD and depotentiation were found to be NMDAR-independent in the neocortex of the freely moving rat.

publication date

  • January 2004