Glutamine is the preferred source of nitrogen of Neurospora crassa. In its presence and that of the gene product of MS5 (nmr-1), the fungus represses the assimilation of less preferred forms of nitrogen, such as nitrate. In the absence of glutamine and the presence of the product of gene nit-2, less preferred forms of nitrogen are assimilated as long as a specific pathway for their assimilation is induced. We report here the isolation, from a cosmid bank, of a gene that complements MS5 and can also complement nit-2. We speculate that this result suggests an interaction between the MS5 and nit-2 gene products and that this is important in the regulation of nitrate assimilation.