Synthesis and Properties of Carborane-Functionalized Aliphatic Polyester Dendrimers
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The incorporation of multiple p-carborane cages within an aliphatic polyester dendrimer was accomplished through the preparation of a bifunctional carborane synthon. A p-carborane derivative having an acid and a protected alcohol functionality was found to efficiently couple to peripheral hydroxyl groups of low-generation dendrimers under standard esterification conditions. Deprotection of carborane hydroxyl groups allowed for further dendronization through a divergent approach using the highly reactive anhydride of benzylidene-protected 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propanoic acid. This approach was used to prepare fourth- and fifth-generation dendrimers that contain 4, 8, and 16 carborane cages within their interior. Upon peripheral deprotection to liberate a polyhydroxylated dendrimer exterior, these structures exhibited aqueous solubility as long as a minimum of eight hydroxyl groups per carborane were present. Several of the water-soluble structures were found to exhibit a lower critical solution temperature. Additionally, irradiation of these materials with thermal neutrons resulted in emission of gamma radiation that is indicative of boron neutron capture events occurring within the carborane-containing dendrimers.
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