Cs133andAs75NMR investigation of the normal metallic state of quasi-one-dimensionalCs2Cr3As3 Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We report $^{133}$Cs NMR and $^{75}$As Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) measurements on the normal metallic state above $T_c$ of a quasi-one-dimensional superconductor Cs$_2$Cr$_3$As$_3$ ($T_c < 1.6$~K). From the $^{133}$Cs NMR Knight shift $^{133}K$ measured at the Cs1 site, we show that the uniform spin susceptibility $\chi_{spin}$ increases from 295~K to $\sim$ 60~K, followed by a mild suppression; $\chi_{spin}$ then levels off below $\sim$10~K. In contrast, a vanishingly small magnitude of $^{133}K$ indicates that Cs2 sites contribute very little to electrical conduction and the exchange interactions between 3d electrons at Cr sites. Low frequency Cr spin dynamics, reflected on $^{75}$As $1/T_1T$ (the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate $1/T_1$ divided by temperature $T$), shows an analogous trend as $\chi_{spin}$. Comparison with the results of $1/T_1T$ near $T_c$ with Rb$_2$Cr$_3$As$_3$ ($T_c=6.1$~K) and Rb$_2$Cr$_3$As$_3$ ($T_c=4.8$~K) establishes a systematic trend that substitution of K$^{+}$ ions with larger alkali ions progressively suppresses Cr spin fluctuations together with $T_c$.

authors

  • Zhi, Haizhao
  • Lee, Drake
  • Imai, Takashi
  • Tang, Zhangtu
  • Liu, Yi
  • Cao, Guanghan

publication date

  • May 13, 2016