Quantum Critical Scaling of Dirty Bosons in Two Dimensions
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We determine the dynamical critical exponent z appearing at the Bose glass to superfluid transition in two dimensions by performing large scale numerical studies of two microscopically different quantum models within the universality class: The hard-core boson model and the quantum rotor (soft core) model, both subject to strong on-site disorder. By performing many simulations at different system size L and inverse temperature β close to the quantum critical point, the position of the critical point and the critical exponents, z, ν, and η can be determined independently of any implicit assumptions of the numerical value of z, in contrast to most prior studies. This is done by a careful scaling analysis close to the critical point with a particular focus on the temperature dependence of the scaling functions. For the hard-core boson model we find z=1.88(8), ν=0.99(3), and η=-0.16(8) with a critical field of h(c)=4.79(3), while for the quantum rotor model we find z=1.99(5), ν=1.00(2), and η=-0.3(1) with a critical hopping parameter of t(c)=0.0760(5). In both cases do we find a correlation length exponent consistent with ν=1, saturating the bound ν≥2/d as well as a value of z significantly larger than previous studies, and for the quantum rotor model consistent with z=d.
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