The Effect of Radiative Cooling on Scaling Laws of X-Ray Groups and Clusters Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We have performed cosmological simulations in a $\Lambda$CDM cosmology with and without radiative cooling, in order to study the effect of cooling on the cluster scaling relations. Our simulations consist of 4.1 million particles each of gas and dark matter within a box-size of 100 $h^{-1}$ Mpc and the run with cooling is the largest of its kind to have been evolved to $z=0$. Our cluster catalogues both consist of over 400 objects and are complete in mass down to $\sim 10^{13} h^{-1} {\rm M_{\odot}}$. We contrast the emission-weighted temperature-mass ($T_{\rm ew}-M$) and bolometric luminosity-temperature ($L_{\rm bol}-T_{\rm ew}$) relations for the simulations at $z=0$. We find that radiative cooling \emph{increases} the temperature of intracluster gas and \emph{decreases} its total luminosity, in agreement with the results of Pearce et al. Furthermore, the temperature dependence of these effects flattens the slope of the $T_{\rm ew}-M$ relation and steepens the slope of the $L_{\rm bol}-T_{\rm ew}$ relation. Inclusion of radiative cooling in the simulations is sufficient to reproduce the observed X-ray scaling relations without requiring excessive non-gravitational energy injection.

publication date

  • May 1, 2001