Experimental Approach to the Thermodynamics of the Pure Two-Dimensional Spin-1/2 Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet in Ba8CoNb6O24 Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Frustrated quantum magnets pose well-defined questions concerning quantum fluctuation effects and the nature of the many-body wavefunction, which challenge theory, numerics, experiment and materials synthesis. The S = 1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnet (TLAF) presents a case where classical order is strongly suppressed by quantum fluctuations, leading to extensive renormalization of physical properties at all energy scales. However, purely two-dimensional (2D) models are difficult to realise in the 3D world and their physics is controlled by the Mermin-Wagner theorem, which describes the dominant effects of additional thermal fluctuations. Here we report the magnetic properties Ba8CoNb6O24, whose Co2+ions have an effective spin 1/2 and construct a regular TLAF with very large interlayer spacing. We find no magnetic ordering down to 0.028 K, strong low-energy spin fluctuations in qualitative agreement with theoretical analysis and a diverging correlation length, all indicating a Mermin-Wagner trend towards zero-temperature ordering in this ideal 2D system.

authors

  • Cui, Y
  • Dai, J
  • Zhou, P
  • Wang, PS
  • Li, TR
  • Song, WH
  • Ma, L
  • Zhang, Z
  • Li, SY
  • Luke, Graeme
  • Normand, B
  • Xiang, T
  • Yu, W