Dynamics of the globular cluster NGC 362 Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • In this paper we have examined the internal dynamics of the globular cluster NGC 362. A V band surface brightness profile (SBP) was constructed from CCD images, and, after it was determined that the cluster is not post core-collapse, fit with single- and multi-mass King-Michie (KM) models. The total cluster luminosity is 1.70 $\pm 0.1 \times 10^5$ L$_V$\sol. A total of 285 stellar spectra were obtained of 215 stars for radial velocity determinations. Four stars showed strong evidence for radial velocity variations and are probably members of binary systems. The true cluster binary fraction was determined from simulations to be 0.15 for circular orbits or 0.27 for orbits with a distribution function $f(e) = e$ ($e$ is eccentricity). This relatively high binary detection frequency may indicate that NGC 362 is overabundant in binaries compared to other clusters. The 208 remaining stars showed no sign of rotation. The best agreement with both the kinematic data and the SBP were for shallow mass functions $x = 0.0 - 0.5$ and intermediate amounts of anisotropy in the velocity dispersion tensor. The cluster mass is M = $2.5 - 3.5 \times 10^5$ M\sol\ for a global mass-to-light ratio of M/L$_V$ = 1.5 - 2.0 M\sol/L$_V$\sol. This low value for $x$ is in disagreement with the correlation between $x$ and the height above the Galactic disk seen for a sample of other clusters. The results are also different from the sharp turn-up in the low mass end of mass functions derived from some deep luminosity functions of three other globular clusters.

publication date

  • October 1993