Near-infrared variant of the Barnes-Evans method for finding Cepheid distances calibrated with high-precision angular diameters Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The advantages of a near-infrared variant of the Barnes-Evans method for estimating distances to Cepheid variables are described and quantified. A surface brightness-color relation for $K$ photometry and the $(V-K)_0$ color index is established using modern, high-precision angular diameters from optical interferometers. Applied to data for the galactic (cluster) Cepheid U Sgr, this method yields a distance of 0.660 $\pm$ 0.024 kpc and a true distance modulus of 9.10 $\pm$ 0.07 mag. This estimate compares with the true distance modulus of 9.37 $\pm$ 0.22 mag estimated by Gieren, Barnes, and Moffett (1993) using the classical Barnes-Evans technique. The possibility of estimating distances of LMC and SMC Cepheids directly -- without intermediate steps -- is discussed. The feasibility of determining the distance of M31 or M33 using this technique is examined and is probably within the reach of 8m-class telescopes.

publication date

  • October 1994