Optical phonons polarized along the c axis of YBa2Cu3O6+x, for x = 0.5 → 0.95 Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The c-axis polarized phonon spectra of single crystals of YBCO_{6+x} have been measured for the doping range x=0.5 -> 0.95, between 10 K and 300 K. The low background electronic conductivity, determined by Kramers-Kronig analysis of the reflectance, leads to a rich phonon structure. With decreased doping the five normally-active B_{1u} modes broaden and the high-frequency apical oxygen mode splits into two components. We associate the higher of these with the two-fold coordinated copper-oxygen sticks. The 155 cm^{-1} low-frequency mode, which involves the apical and chain-oxygens, splits into at least three components with decreasing doping. Some phonon anomalies which occur near T_c in the highly-doped material occur well above T_c in the oxygen-reduced systems. An unusual broad phonon band develops in the normal state at approx 400 cm^{-1}, which becomes more intense at low doping and low temperatures, borrowing oscillator strength from apical and plane oxygen modes resulting in a major transformation of the phonon spectrum below approx 150 K.

publication date

  • November 1995