Intermediate to Long-Term Outcomes and Causes of Aseptic Failure of an At-Risk Femoral Stem Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Background

    The Accolade TMZF is a tapered-wedge cementless metaphyseal-coated femoral stem that was widely utilized from 2002 to 2012. In recent years, there have been reports of early catastrophic failure of this implant. The purposes of the present study were to establish the long-term survival of this stem and to analyze patients who underwent aseptic revision to understand the causes and risk factors for failure.

    Methods

    We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients who had undergone primary total hip arthroplasty with use of an Accolade TMZF stem at a high-volume arthroplasty center. The causes and timing of revision surgery were documented. Survivorship analysis was performed with use of Kaplan-Meier curves to determine the overall and aseptic survival rates at the time of the latest follow-up. Patient and implant factors commonly associated with aseptic failure were extracted, and a Cox proportional hazards model was used.

    Results

    A consecutive series of 2,609 patients who had undergone unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty with use of an Accolade TMZF femoral stem were included. The mean time from the primary procedure was 11.3 years (range, 0 days to 19.4 years). The cumulative survival rate was 95.5% ± 0.1% at the time of the latest follow-up. One hundred and seven patients underwent revision surgery, with aseptic loosening of the femoral component being the most common cause of aseptic failure in this cohort (33 of 2,609; 1.3%). Smaller femoral size and larger femoral head offset were independent risk factors for aseptic failure.

    Conclusions

    To our knowledge, this is the largest series representing the longest follow-up of this tapered-wedge cementless femoral implant. Despite early concerns, the Accolade TMZF stem had excellent survivorship in this cohort. Trunnionosis as the cause for revision surgery was rare.

    Level of evidence

    Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

publication date

  • May 18, 2022