General population normative scores for interpreting theBODY‐Q Academic Article uri icon

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  • The BODY-Q is a patient-reported outcome measure used to assess outcomes in patients undergoing weight loss and/or body contouring surgery (BC) following massive weight loss. Normative values for the BODY-Q are needed to improve data interpretation and enable comparison. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine normative values for the BODY-Q. Participants were recruited internationally through two crowdsourcing platforms. The participants were invited to complete the BODY-Q scales through an URL link provided within the crowdsourcing platforms. General linear analyses were performed to compare normative means between countries and continents adjusted for relevant covariates. Normative reference values were stratified by age, body mass index (BMI), and gender. The BODY-Q was completed by 4051 (2052 North American and 1999 European) participants. The mean age was 36 years (±14.7 SD) and ranged from 17 to 76 years, the mean BMI was 26.4 (±6.7 SD) kg/m2 , and the sample consisted of 1996 (49.3%) females and 2023 (49.9%) males. Younger age and higher BMI were negatively associated with all BODY-Q scales (p < .001). This study provides normative values for the BODY-Q scales to aid in the interpretation of BODY-Q scores in research and clinical practise. These values enable us to understand the impact of weight loss and BC on patients' lives.


  • Dalaei, Farima
  • de Vries, Claire EE
  • Poulsen, Lotte
  • Kaur, Manraj N
  • Pfob, André
  • Mou, Danny
  • Jacobsen, Amalie L
  • Repo, Jussi P
  • Salzillo, Rosa
  • Opyrchal, Jakub
  • Klassen, Anne
  • Sørensen, Jens Ahm
  • Pusic, Andrea L

publication date

  • August 2022