Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis Journal Articles uri icon

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  • BACKGROUND: Precise estimates of mortality in Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) are important to convey prognosis and guide the design of interventional studies. OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate all-cause mortality in SAB and explore mortality change over time. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE and Embase databases, as well as the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, were searched from January 1, 1991 to May 7, 2021. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Human observational studies on patients with S. aureus bloodstream infection were included. PARTICIPANTS: The study analyzed data of patients with a positive blood culture for S. aureus. METHODS: Two independent reviewers extracted study data and assessed risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. A generalized, linear, mixed random effects model was used to pool estimates. RESULTS: A total of 341 studies were included, describing a total of 536,791 patients. From 2011 onward, the estimated mortality was 10.4% (95% CI, 9.0%-12.1%) at 7 days, 13.3% (95% CI, 11.1%-15.8%) at 2 weeks, 18.1% (95% CI, 16.3%-20.0%) at 1 month, 27.0% (95% CI, 21.5%-33.3%) at 3 months, and 30.2% (95% CI, 22.4%-39.3%) at 1 year. In a meta-regression model of 1-month mortality, methicillin-resistant S. aureus had a higher mortality rate (adjusted OR (aOR): 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.06 per 10% increase in methicillin-resistant S. aureus proportion). Compared with prior to 2001, more recent time periods had a lower mortality rate (aOR: 0.88; 95% CI, 0.75-1.03 for 2001-2010; aOR: 0.82; 95% CI, 0.69-0.97 for 2011 onward). CONCLUSIONS: SAB mortality has decreased over the last 3 decades. However, more than one in four patients will die within 3 months, and continuous improvement in care remains necessary.


  • Bai, Anthony D
  • Lo, Carson KL
  • Komorowski, Adam S
  • Suresh, Mallika
  • Guo, Kevin
  • Garg, Akhil
  • Tandon, Pranav
  • Senecal, Julien
  • Del Corpo, Olivier
  • Stefanova, Isabella
  • Fogarty, Clare
  • Butler-Laporte, Guillaume
  • McDonald, Emily G
  • Cheng, Matthew P
  • Morris, Andrew M
  • Loeb, Mark
  • Lee, Todd C

publication date

  • August 2022