How Generalizable Are Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) in Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia? A Description of the Mortality Gap Between RCTs and Observational Studies Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Abstract In Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, mortality rates in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are consistently lower than observational studies. Stringent eligibility criteria and omission of early deaths in RCTs contribute to this mortality gap. Clinicians should acknowledge the possibility of a lower treatment effect when applying RCT results to bedside care.


  • Bai, Anthony D
  • Lo, Carson KL
  • Komorowski, Adam S
  • Suresh, Mallika
  • Guo, Kevin
  • Garg, Akhil
  • Tandon, Pranav
  • Senecal, Julien
  • Del Corpo, Olivier
  • Stefanova, Isabella
  • Fogarty, Clare
  • Butler-Laporte, Guillaume
  • McDonald, Emily G
  • Cheng, Matthew P
  • Morris, Andrew M
  • Loeb, Mark
  • Lee, Todd C

publication date

  • October 12, 2022