Quadriceps tendon autograft for pediatric anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction results in promising postoperative function and rates of return to sports: A systematic review Journal Articles uri icon

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  • PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft in pediatric anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, PubMed, and EMBASE was conducted on March 1, 2021. Studies of all levels of evidence reporting outcomes and/or complications after QT autograft ACLR in pediatric patients (≤ 18 years old) were eligible for inclusion. Study demographics, patient demographics, reported outcomes, and complications were abstracted. Screening and data abstraction were designed in accordance with PRISMA and R-AMSTAR guidelines. Descriptive statistics were presented when applicable, with data for heterogeneous outcomes presented in narrative summary fashion. RESULTS: A total of 14 studies examining 596 patients (46.3% female), mean age 15.4 years, were included in this systematic review. Mean postoperative Lysholm scores ranged from 94.0 to 99.5. Mean postoperative IKDC subjective scores ranged from 75.9 to 94.0. Limb symmetry index ranged from 96.8 ± 10.4 to 100.4 ± 7.6% across multiple hop tests. Return to sports (RTS) rates ranged from 88.9 to 91.7%. Eleven studies reported postoperative complications, whereby 16 patients (4.8%) experienced contralateral complications and injuries. Forty-six patients (9.4%) experienced ipsilateral complications, including ten graft failures (2.5%) and two growth disturbances (0.6%). CONCLUSIONS: QT autograft ACLR in the pediatric population retains the potential of regaining a preinjury level of knee stability, and yields promising postoperative function and rates of RTS, yielding comparable outcomes relative to HT autograft and the reference-standard BPTB ACLR that have previously been described in the literature. Moreover, use of the QT autograft is associated with low rates of postoperative complications, including graft failure and growth disturbances in this active and high-risk patient population in observational studies to date. Therefore, clinical equipoise exists to further appraise the influence of QT autograft on postoperative outcomes compared to aforementioned autograft options in a randomized control trial fashion. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


  • Zakharia, Alexander
  • Lameire, Darius L
  • Abdel Khalik, Hassaan
  • Kay, Jeffrey
  • Uddandam, Abhilash
  • Nagai, Kanto
  • Hoshino, Yuichi
  • de SA, Darren

publication date

  • November 2022