EPCT-11. RURALITY INDEX SCORE AND PEDIATRIC NEURO-ONCOLOGICAL OUTCOME IN ONTARIO Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Abstract

    Introduction

    Rapid access to neurosurgical decisions and definitive management are vital for the outcome of neurocritical patients. There are increased challenges of providing services and to maintain critical infrastructure for rural citizens. The relationship between rurality, marginalization and health outcomes has been identified as associated with higher mortality rates and higher rates of many diseases[G1].

    Methods

    Employing linked administrative databases, we retrospectively analyzed a population based cohort of patients diagnosed with a pediatric brain tumour between 1996 to 2017 in Ontario, Canada. The Ontario Marginalization Index was employed as a surrogate for rurality providing an overall Rurality Index for Ontario (RIO) in addition to the 2016 Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-MARG).

    Results

    Of 1457 patients included, 54.0% were male, 277 of whom were diagnosed in infancy (i.e., < 3 years of age). Income quintile was evenly distributed with 11.5% classified as living in a rural area of Ontario. The median[G2] distance to the nearest pediatric neurosurgical hospital was 59.6km. The rurality index score (RIO) was 0 in 38.8% of children with the majority of patients with a RIO score of <39. The ON-MARG identified 51.9% of patients living in communities with low concentration of individuals without income from employment. A higher RIO score was not a significant factor (Continuous p=0.092/Ordinal p=0.20) associated with length[G3] of follow up, indicating rurality was not a significant factor for determining compliance to[G4] clinical follow-up. However, a trend towards reduced follow-up compliance in the higher RIO score cohort was identified.

    Conclusion

    Rurality and social determinants of health of the region pediatric neuro-oncological patients reside were not associated with patient outcome but a trend towards lower follow-up compliance was identified when children were from regions with RIO>39. Implementation of telehealth follow-up for these patients may overcome barrier to clinical follow-up.[G5]

publication date

  • June 2021