Lung cancer was often accompanied by depression and anxiety. Nowadays, most investigations for depression and anxiety were concentrated in western medical hospitals, while few related studies have been carried out in the tradition Chinese medicine (TCM) ward. It was necessary to understand the proportion and related factors of depression and anxiety in the inpatients with lung cancer in TCM hospital.
This study adopted cross-sectional research method, which enrolled a total of 222 inpatients with lung cancer in TCM hospital. PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scales were used to assess depression and anxiety for the inpatients, respectively. Demographic and clinical data were also collected. Statistical methods of the univariate analysis and the multivariate logistic regression model were used.
The proportion of depression and anxiety in the inpatients with lung cancer were 58.1% and 34.2%, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis prompted that the common related factor of depression and anxiety was the symptom of insomnia(odds ratio [OR] 3.274, 95%CI 1.723–6.219; OR 2.201, 95%CI 1.132–4.277). Constipation and gender were the two anther-related factors of depression(OR 1.458, 95%CI 0.372–1.606; OR 1.298, 95%CI 0.151–1.588).
Depression and anxiety were common for the inpatients with lung cancer in TCM hospital. Gender, insomnia, and constipation were related factors for depression, and insomnia was related factor for anxiety. Therefore, medical workers should pay close attention to the emotional changes of these high-risk patients and intervene the symptoms as early as possible.