Isolated Medial Maxillary Buttress Displacement in Naso-Orbito-Ethmoid Fractures
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PurposeThe aim of this study was to present a case series emphasizing low medial maxillary (pyriform) buttress displacement in naso-orbito-ethmoid (NOE) fractures as an operative indication, in the absence of the typical NOE surgical indications (medial canthus displacement, midface bony comminution, nasal bone collapse, and orbital indications), to prevent nasal airway obstruction.
MethodsFive cases of minor NOE fractures are reviewed, where only the low medial maxillary buttress was displaced. The typical surgical indications for NOE repair were absent.
ResultsIn each case, the pyriform buttress was medially and posteriorly displaced, creating nasal airway obstruction in each patient. The medial canthal tendons were all nondisplaced, there was no diplopia, and the other 2 cardinal buttresses (infraorbital rim and nasofrontal junction) were minimally displaced or greensticked. In the acute setting, patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. With delayed presentation, septorhinoplasty or osteotomy and fixation were used. Among the patients who had adequate follow-up, nasal airway obstruction was resolved.
ConclusionsThis series suggests that, in NOE fractures with isolated displacement at the medial maxillary buttress, nasal airway obstruction should be considered an operative indication (independent of the classical indications) in order to prevent or resolve nasal airway obstruction.
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