Impacts of tailings of Fundão dam (Brazil) rupture on marine fish: Metals bioaccumulation and physiological responses Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This study evaluated the impacts of the mining tailings after the rupture of the Fundão dam on fish communities on the Atlantic Ocean southeast coast. Four sample collections were carried out over two years (2018-2020), in seasonal periods. Omnivorous/herbivorous and carnivorous fish were collected for analysis of metal bioaccumulation, multibiomarkers of environmental contamination and histopathology. Metal bioaccumulation was stronger correlated in carnivorous fish in the dry-2018 collection, besides higher activity of antioxidant enzymes, energy metabolism and higher morphological damage; however, there was less oxidative damage and less metallothioneins induction, and these variables were strongly associated with the wet-2020 collection. In a temporal view, it was possible to observe a reduction in metal levels in fish, except in the mouth of the Doce River. These events can be explained by seasonal natural events, which tend the resuspension and boost metal levels, mainly in the mouth region during the rainy season.

authors

  • Bevitório, Lorena Ziviani
  • da Silva, Niumaique Gonçalves
  • Pirovani, Juliana Castro Monteiro
  • Marques, Joseane Aparecida
  • Vieira, Carlos Eduardo Delfino
  • Zebral, Yuri Dornelles
  • Damasceno, Eduardo Medeiros
  • Lopes, Layra Lethicia Rodrigues
  • de Sant'Ana, Leandro Pirovani
  • Marube, Liziane Cardoso
  • da Costa, Simone Rutz
  • Martins, Camila De Martinez Gaspar
  • Sandrini, Juliana Zomer
  • Souza, Marta Marques
  • Bianchini, Adalto
  • do Vale-Oliveira, Maysa

publication date

  • April 2022