The impact of oral hypoglycemics and statins on outcomes in myelodysplastic syndromes Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Observational studies suggest an anti-neoplastic effect associated with statins, metformin, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i), while sulfonylureas may have a neutral or detrimental effect. We linked the Ontario subset of a prospective Canadian myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) registry with provincial administrative databases. We assessed the impact of statin/oral hypoglycemic medication exposure on overall survival (OS) using Cox regression analysis, controlling for comorbidities and sociodemographic factors. Five hundred thirty-three patients aged ≥ 66 years were included: 49.3% used statins, 18.9% used metformin, 9.0% used sulfonylureas, and 6.4% used DPP4i. Three hundred ninety-five patients were lower-risk based on the International Prognostic Scoring System. On univariate analysis, we identified a marginal improvement in OS in the lower-risk group using DPP4i (HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.95-1.00, P = 0.05), while there was no impact on mortality for higher-risk DPP4i users (HR 1.03, CI 0.99-1.07, P = 0.21). There was no mortality difference for statins (HR 1.00, CI 1.00-1.01, P = 0.93), metformin (HR 1.00, CI 0.99-1.01, P = 0.81), or sulfonylureas (HR 1.00, CI 0.99-1.02, P = 0.43) in the entire cohort, as well as when stratified into lower/higher-risk groups. On multivariable analysis in the lower-risk group, there was no association between DPP4i and OS (HR 0.98, CI 0.95-1.00, P = 0.06). Prospective studies with larger cohorts of patients and longer follow-up are required to further study the impact of DPP4i in MDS.


  • Brailovski, Eugene
  • Li, Qing
  • Liu, Ning
  • Leber, Brian
  • Khalaf, Dina
  • Sabloff, Mitchell
  • Christou, Grace
  • Yee, Karen
  • Chodirker, Lisa
  • Parmentier, Anne
  • Siddiqui, Mohammed
  • Mamedov, Alexandre
  • Zhang, Liying
  • Liu, Ying
  • Earle, Craig C
  • Cheung, Matthew C
  • Mittmann, Nicole
  • Buckstein, Rena J
  • Mozessohn, Lee

publication date

  • May 2022