Uptake and release of polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) from hydrogel and silicone hydrogel contact lenses using a radiolabel methodology Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the uptake and release of radiolabelled polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) on reusable daily wear contact lenses (CLs) over 7 days.

    Methods

    Three silicone hydrogel (SH) contact lens materials (lotrafilcon B, balafilcon A, senofilcon A) and two conventional hydrogel (CH) materials (etafilcon A, omafilcon A) were examined. In experiment 1 (1-day study), CLs were soaked in 2 mL of phosphate buffered solution (PBS) containing radiolabelled 14C PHMB (1 µg/mL) for 8 h. The release kinetics of 14C PHMB from the CLs was measured at t = 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 24 h in fresh 2 mL PBS. In experiment 2 (7-day study), the CLs were soaked in the 14C PHMB (1 µg/mL) solution for 8 h followed by a 16-hour release in 2 mL PBS. The lens cycle was repeated daily for 7 days. After both experiments, the residual amount of PHMB remaining within the lenses was extracted to determine the total uptake of PHMB.

    Results

    In experiment 1, the total uptake of PHMB for etafilcon A was significantly greater than senofilcon A (p = 0.01). There were no significant differences in total uptake of PHMB between other lens materials (p > 0.05). Etafilcon A released more PHMB compared to all other lens types over a 24-hr period (p < 0.001). In experiment 2, all CL materials continued to sorb more PHMB over time (p < 0.001). By day 7, the amount of PHMB sorbed by etafilcon A was significantly greater than senofilcon A (p = 0.02). After day 2, the CH materials released significantly more PHMB than the SH materials (p < 0.01).

    Conclusion

    The CL materials continued to sorb PHMB with no signs of saturation after 7 days. All lens materials released a consistent amount of PHMB each day. Radioactive labelling provides a sensitive method of assessing the uptake and release of PHMB from CL materials.

publication date

  • October 2022