Multidamage Detection of Bridges Using Rough Set Theory and Naive-Bayes Classifier Academic Article uri icon

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  • This paper is intended to introduce a two-stage detection method to solve the multidamage problem in bridges. Vibration analysis is conducted to acquire the dynamic fingerprints which are regarded as information sources. Bayesian fusion is used to integrate these sources and preliminarily locate the damage. Then, the RSNB method which combines rough set theory and Naive-Bayes classifier is proposed to simplify the sample dimensions and fuse the remaining attributes for damage extent detection. A numerical simulation of a real structure, the Sishui Bridge in Shenyang, China, is conducted to validate the effectiveness of the proposed detection method. Data fusion based method is compared with single-valued index method at the damage localization stage. The proposed RSNB method is compared with the Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) method at the damage qualification stage. The results show that the proposed two-stage damage detection method has better performances in regard to transparency, accuracy, efficiency, noise robustness, and stability. Furthermore, an ambient excitation modal test was carried out on the bridge to obtain the vibration responses and assess the damage condition with the proposed method. This novel approach is applicable for early damage detection and provides a basis for bridge management and maintenance.


  • Sun, Shuang
  • Liang, Li
  • Li, Ming
  • Li, Xin

publication date

  • May 27, 2018