Orientation Gradients in Rapidly Solidified Pure Aluminum Thin Films: Comparison of Experiments and Phase-Field Crystal Simulations
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Rapid solidification experiments on thin film aluminum samples reveal the presence of lattice orientation gradients within crystallizing grains. To study this phenomenon, a single-component phase-field crystal (PFC) model that captures the properties of solid, liquid, and vapor phases is proposed to model pure aluminium quantitatively. A coarse-grained amplitude representation of this model is used to simulate solidification in samples approaching micrometer scales. The simulations reproduce the experimentally observed orientation gradients within crystallizing grains when grown at experimentally relevant rapid quenches. We propose a causal connection between defect formation and orientation gradients.
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